The fact that a black man was invited to speak to this all-white Southern audience was itself a historic event. Washington's words sparked a fundamental debate over race relations that burned for decades to follow: Washington was one of the last major black leaders born in slavery.
B DuBois and Booker T. Washington Two great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were W.
DuBois and Booker T. However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress. Their opposing philosophies can be found in the quotes presented above.
Although they both wanted improvement in the quality of life for the black Americans of their time, Washington focused greatly on economic prosperity while DuBois took the more radical stance and strove for complete integration and equality in all spheres of life.
Who fostered more change? Was it the radical and revolutionary ideas of DuBois or the overwhelmingly popular but often compromising Washington? Washington was an educator, reformer and one of the most influential black leader of his time.
He preached a philosophy of vocational training, the recognition of racial differences and white appeasement. He urged blacks to tolerate discrimination for the time being and concentrate on economic prosperity for themselves through hard work and vocational training. He believed in education in the crafts, industrial work and farming skills.
This, he said, would eventually win the respect of whites and lead to African Americans being fully accepted as citizens and integrated into all areas of society. Washington also stressed the great differences between the races and promoted segregation as a means of maintaining a racial identity.
These differences are direct results of his early-life enslavement and modest upbringing. DuBois advocated political action and a forceful struggle for civil rights advancement. In addition, he argued that social change could be accomplished by developing the small group of college-educated blacks he called "the Talented Tenth.
It is through this view and his affluent upbringing that he gained the courage or even the idea that racial equality could be achieved.
In real life, though, their educational practices were somewhat closer. Meanwhile, DuBois was a firm believer in academic excellence. He encouraged African-Americans to work hard, regardless of their careers and to learn all that the whites had previously learned.
Possibly the greatest difference between the two were their political views. But DuBois encouraged African-Americans to demand equal rights.Aug 22, · Uzogara S.
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